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Course Title: Plant Breeding BHT236

Plant Breeding BHT236

Horticulture Course
Price:£340 Qualification: Certificate

Develop your expertise in plant breeding! Plant breeding is a bigger industry than most people realize. In some places, earnings from plant breeding rights can equal or exceed earnings from actually producing plants. Today’s nurseryman needs to understand plant breeding and selection; and to this end, this course is a very valuable and unique course for anyone working in the modern industry.

Course Structure for Plant Breeding BHT236

There are 7 lessons

 1 The Scope and Nature of the Plant Breeding Industry

  • Modern Plant Breeding
  • The Plant Breeding Industry
  • Sources of Genetic Material: Germplasm Preservation, Botanic Gardens, Plant Breeding and Research Institutions, Wild Populations
  • Terminology

2  Introduction to Genetics

  • Cells and Genes (An Overview): Plant Cells, Chromosomes, Genes
  • Linkage and Crossing Over
  • DNA: Homologous Chromosomes
  • Cells: Cell Components, The Cell Wall, The Nucleus
  • Protein Synthesis
  • Plant Genetics: Mendel’s Principles
  • Terminology: Mendel’s Experiment, Linkages of Genes

3  Gamete Production, Pollination and Fertilisation in Plants

  • Plant Reproduction: Phases of Plant Reproduction
  • Gamete Production
  • Gene Mutations
  • Sources of Genetic Variation: Polyploidy, Bud Sports and Chimeras
  • Male Sterility
  • Effect of the Environment
  • Terminology
  • The Use of Pollination Biology in Plant Breeding: The Process of Pollination, Requirements for Successful Pollination, Cross pollination, Determining the Stage of Pollination Failure, Fertilisation, Embryo and Seedling Formation, Male and Female Recognition, Methods of Overcoming Incompatibility, Post fertilisation, Pollen Selection
  • Floral Induction: Pollination, Fruit Set, Growth and Development
  • Mitosis and Meiosis
  • Genes
  • Summary of Terms
  • Sexual Structures in Plants: Flower Structures, Fruit Structures, Seed Structures

4  Mono Hybrid and Dihybrid Inheritance in Plants

  • Monohybrid and Dihybrid Crosses: Linkage of Genes, Crossing Over and Recombination, Crossing Over, Recombination
  • Quantitative Traits
  • Terminology

5  Systematic Botany and Floral Structures

  • Systematic Botany
  • Plant Morphology
  • Type Specimens
  • Terminology
  • The History of Organised Botanical Nomenclature: International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, Principle of Priority, Plant and Animal Nomenclature
  • Plant Taxonomy: The Binomial System, Botanical Classification, Plant Families and Species, Hybrids, Varieties and Cultivars, Changes in Names, Nomenclature of Hybrids
  • Terminology
  • Botanical Keys: How to Use a Botanical Key, Key to Plant Phyla

6 Practical Plant Breeding Techniques

  • Plant Breeding Programs
  • Breeding Self-Pollinated Crops: Pure-line Breeding, Mass Selection, Pedigree Breeding, Bulk Population Breeding, Backcross Breeding
  • Breeding Cross-Pollinated Crops: Single Plant Selection, Mass Selection, Progeny Selection, Line Breeding, Recurrent Selection, Backcross Breeding, Induced Polyploidy
  • Hybrid Seed Production – An Outline
  • Hybridising Techniques – A Step-By-Step Program
  • Terminology
  • Seed Germination
  • Dormancy Factors Affecting Germination: Hard Seed Covers, Chemical Inhibitors, Undeveloped Embryos, Inhibiting Seed Layers, Dormant Embryos that Respond to Chilling

7  Current Developments in Plant Genetics 

  • Plant Biotechnology: Genetic Engineering, DNA Markers, Somatic Hybridisation
  • Micropropagation
  • Plant Breeders’ Rights and Trademarks: Trademarks, Patents

Lesson Aims

  • Describe the commercial and scientific nature of the modern plant breeding industry, on a global basis
  • Describe the structure and function of genetic material
  • Describe gamete production in plants
  • Explain the results of mono hybrid and dihybrid inheritance in plants
  • Investigate the role of systematic botany in horticulture
  • Explain a variety of different plant breeding techniques
  • Review current developments in plant breeding


Your learning experience with ADL will not only depend on the quality of the course, but also the quality of the person teaching it. This course is taught by Susan Stephenson and Andy Patterson. Your course fee includes unlimited tutorial support throughout from these excellent teachers. Here are their credentials:


Susan Stephenson
BSc in Applied Plant Biology (Botany) Univ. London 1983.
City and guilds: Garden Centre Management, Management and Interior Decor (1984)
Management qualifications in training with retail store. Diploma in Hort level 2 (RHS General) Distinction.

Susan Stephenson is a passionate and experienced horticulturist and garden designer. She has authored three books, lectures at 2 Further and Higher Education Colleges, teaching people of all ages and backgrounds about the wonders of plants and garden design, and tutors many students by correspondence from all over the world.
Susan studied botany at Royal Holloway College (Univ of London) and worked in the trading industry before returning to her first love plants and garden design. She is therefore, well placed to combine business knowledge with horticulture and design skills. Her experience is wide and varied and she has designed gardens for families and individuals. Susan is a mentor for garden designers who are just starting out, offering her support and advice and she also writes, delivers and assesses courses for colleges, introducing and encouraging people into horticulture and garden design.

Susan is a Professional Associate and exam moderator and holds the RHS General with Distinction. She continues to actively learn about horticulture and plants and (as her students will tell you) remains passionate and interested in design and horticulture.

She also supervised the Area Arboriculture Team and was Exhumations Officer€“ in charge of collecting discovered remains and arranging identification (if poss) and interment of same.


Andy Patterson
PGCE Biological Sciences; Doctor of Naturopathy (pending); Registered Nutritional Therapist; Permaculture Design Consultant (PDC); BSc(Hons) Ecology

Andy has been a biology and science teacher since 2002, and a natural health therapist since 1998. His original degree was in Ecology and is well experienced in the Life Sciences generally, from biology, medicine and clinical sciences to horticulture, ecology and the environment. he divides his time between a therapy clinic; teaching, tutoring & lecturing. Andy is a passionate believer in the power of education to transform people’s lives, and gives 100% support to helping students achieve their goal.

Andy has worked as a Biology lecturer in a number of post age 16 colleges, and 11-18 year age schools across the country during a 13 year career. This has included work as an Assessor for exam boards, 1 on 1 tutoring, working with small groups and whole classes. He worked on an award winning national Nuffield- STEM initiative using innovative educational techniques to develop sustainability awareness with KS3 school children. He has also managed a large vocational science area in a busy college and developed a successful Premedical curriculum which has helped many students on to successful medical careers

Price: £340
Qualification: Certificate
Estimated Course Duration: 100 hours
Available Learning Methods: Online, USB (+£5) and Correspondence (+£35)
Enrolment Dates: Our courses are self-paced and you can start at anytime

Enrol today and develop your expertise in this subject

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